Mr. Upendra Yadav assumed office as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Health and Population on 1st June 2018.
He was born on 11 December 1960, to a family of farmer in Bhgawatapur, Saptari district, (present-day in Sunsari). He was born to Dhuni Lal Yadav and Fudani Yadav. He is also president of Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal (FSF). He and his party has been fighting against political elites and ruling class of Nepal demanding proportional representation, equality and end of discrimination towards the Madhesi and indigenous Janjati and Adivasi people such as Maithali, Tharu, Rai, Limbu, Magar, Tamang including Women and politically backward ethnic groups. Following the April 2008 Constituent Assembly election, the MJF (now, FSF Nepal) agreed to join a government headed by Prachanda, the chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). He was subsequently appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs and sworn in on 22 August 2008; he was one of four MJF members included in the Cabinet.